This paper focuses on technical issues, reviews the status of aging existing outboard and stern drive designs, identifies several emerging technologies and some unsuccessful efforts in the past. Related technologies with possible impact on future designs are briefly discussed (shift-pitch props, two speed transmissions and composite gear
Various technical articles of automotive/car field, compiled by admin at Grape Ape Racing. Informations are gathered from various sources, books, personal testing, service manuals etc.
These references are available FREE at Grape Ape Racing.com website, we merely collect the information, we are neither affiliated with the author(s),
Bendix EC-60 controllers are members of a family of electronic Antilock Braking System (ABS) devices designed to help improve the braking characteristics of air braked vehicles – including heavy and medium duty buses, trucks, and tractors. ABS controllers are also known as Electronic Control Units (ECUs).
Bendix ABS uses wheel speed
Excerpt: XR700 and XR3000 electronic ignition modules use an optical trigger assembly to replace conventional breaker points and original equipment (OE) magnetic and Hall Effect pickup systems. The XR700 requires ballast resistance to limit coil current. The XR3000 is a high performance version with a computer chip that controls coil
This service manual contains essential informations on Tremec T-56 six-speed manual overdrive transmission service manual (used in the current Chevrolet Corvettes, some versions of Jaguar vehicle also uses this transmission). It contains standard procedures on troubleshooting, repairing, maintaining, adjusting and inspecting the Tremec
Taken from What is the function of a spark plug and why is it a vital engine component?: The function of the spark plug is to introduce the ignition energy into the combustion chamber and to initiate combustion of the compressed air-fuel mixture. It accomplishes this task by generating a spark between its electrodes, which then generates
Instead of the familiar Analogue Tachograph Chart Recorder, all new vehicles that have been registered within the UK since 1st May 2006 and are subject to the EC driver’s hours rules must be fitted with a Digital Tachograph Vehicle Unit (VU). In addition, all drivers operating a Digital Tachograph equipped in vehicle are required to
EYQUEM spark plugs catalogue, compiled date September 2001. Here you can find lists of EYQUEM spark plugs in conjunction with various car brands/ makes such including but not limited to Alfa Romeo, AMC, Aston Martin/Lagonda, Audi, Autobianchi, Barkas, Bedford, Bertone, BMW, Bristol, Buick, Cadillac, Caterham, Chevrolet, Chrysler, Citroen,
Taken from About this Guide: The reliable operation of linear motion elements depends on selecting the right lubricants for the particular conditions of use.
A lubricant has to reduce friction and wear, provide protection from corrosion and soiling.
Lubricant has a decisive impact on the operation and service life of linear
Taken from Power Steering Tips: Diagnosing Power Steering ProblemsWhen trying to determine what is causing a problem in your power steering, keep this in mind. If the problem occurs only in one direction, the problem is probably in the box or rack. If the problem is in both directions, it is most likely the pump, dirty fluid or hoses. Be
Taken from Application and identification: The 4R44E was released in 1995 in the 2.3L and 3.0L Ford/Mazda rear-wheel-drive units. In 1996, with the 4.0L, the drive components were beefed up to become the 4R55E. In 1997 the unit became a 5-speed by applying the front servo to obtain an overdriven first and 5th. From that time on, it’s
Taken from Introduction:The purpose of this booklet is to supply to both private users and to the maintenance Staff of Service Stations a service handbook which should meet the practical needs of periodical service and cleaning of the carburetor.
In order to simplify these instructions, the various operation necessary for the proper
The ZF 5HP24 transmission is widely used by various car manufacturer and installed in several cars such as BMW 540i, BMW 740i, BMW 740iL, BMW 640Ci, BMW X5 4.4i, BMW X5 4.6is, Jaguar XJ8, Land Rover Range Rover. This catalog includes only spare parts for North American specifications of a ZF transmission application. The “where used”
This is an Operating Instructions for Tachograph 1324 attached on Volvo vehicles, this device combines the functions of a clock and a speedometer and records the vehicle’s speed to record whether it is in moving condition or in a stationary condition.
There is two kind of tachograph which is an analogue tachograph and a digital
Taken from Description: Governor pressure is monitored electronically and is used to control transmission shifting. Electronic control system consists of Powertrain Control Module (PCM), governor pressure solenoid, governor pressure sensor, transmission fluid temperature sensor, OD (Overdrive) OFF switch, Throttle Position (TP) sensor and