Download: Mandrake Linux 9.2 Reference Guide

Contribute to Mandrake Linux The skills of the many talented folks who use Mandrake Linux can be very useful in the making of the Man-drakeLinux system: • Packaging. A GNU … Mandrake Linux 9.2: Reference Guide Published September 2003 Copyright©2003 MandrakeSoft SA byCamille Bégnis, Christian Roy, Fabian Mandelbaum, Joël Pomerleau, Vincent Danen, Roberto Rossellidel Turco, Stefan Siegel, Marco De Vitis, Alice Lafox, Fred Lepied, Nicolas Planel, Kevin Lecouvey, Christian Georges, John Rye, Robert Kulagowski, Pascal …

Preface 1.4. Contribute to Mandrake Linux The skills of the many talented folks who use Mandrake Linux can be very useful in the making of the Man- drakeLinux system: • Packaging. A GNU/Linuxsystemis mainly made of programs picked upon the Internet. They have to be packaged in order to work together. • Programming. There are many, many projects directly supported by MandrakeSoft : find the one that most appeals to you and offer your help to the main developer(s). • Internationalization. You can help us in the translation of web pages, programs and their respective docu- mentation. • Documentation. Last but not least, the manual you are currently reading requires a lot of work to stay up-to-date in regards with the rapid evolution of the system. Consult the contributors page ( to learn more about how you can contribute to the evolution of Mandrake Linux . 2. Introduction Welcome and thank you for using Mandrake Linux ! This manual is aimed at people wishing to dive into the depths of their GNU/Linuxsystem, and who wish to exploit its huge capabilities. It is made up of three parts: • In TheLinuxSystem, we introduce you to the command line and its various uses. We also discuss text-editing basics, which are essential under GNU/Linux. “Basic UNIXSystem Concepts”, page 5 presents the UNIX and, more specifically, GNU/Linuxworlds. It introduces the standard file-manipulation utilities as well as some useful features provided by the shell. Then comesa complementary chapter, “Disks and Partitions”, page 13, which discusses how hard disks are managed under GNU/Linux, as well as the concept of partitioning. It is very important that you fully understand the concepts discussed in those chapters before going onto “Introduction to the Command Line”, page 17. Next, we cover”Text Editing: Emacsand VI”, page 25. As most UNIX configuration files are text files, you will eventually want or need to edit them ina text editor . You will learn how touse two of the most famous text editors in the UNIX and GNU/Linuxworlds: the mighty Emacsandthe modern (!) Vi. You should then be able to perform basic maintenance on your system. The following two chapters present practical uses of the command line (”Command-Line Utilities”, page 33), and process control (”Process Control”, page 43) in general. • In LinuxinDepth, we touch upon the Linuxkerneland the file-system architecture. “File TreeOrganization”, page 47 explores the organization of the file tree. UNIX systems tend to grow very large, but every file has its place inaspecific directory. After reading this chapter, you will know whereto look for files depending on their role in the system. Then, we cover the topics of filesystem sand mount point s (”File Systems and Mount Points”, page 51). We define both these terms as well as explain them with practical examples. “The LinuxFile System”, page 55 is dedicated to GNU/Linuxfilesystems. After presenting the available file systems, we discuss file types and some additional concepts and utilities such as inodesandpipes. “The /procFilesystem”, page 63 will introduce/proc, a special GNU/Linuxfilesystem. “The Start-Up Files: initsysv”, page 69 presents the Mandrake Linux boot-up procedure, and how touse it efficiently.

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