Download: Prostate Cancer Consumer Fact Sheet

What are the symptoms of prostate cancer? Different men have different symptoms for prostate cancer. Some men do not have symptoms at all. Some possible symptoms of prostate cancer … Prostate Cancer Cancer is a disease in which abnormal cells in the body grow out of control. When cancer starts in the prostate, it is called prostate cancer. The prostate is a walnut-sized organ located just below the bladder and in front of the rectum in men. It produces fluid that makes up a part of semen. Who gets prostate cancer? Only men can …

• • • • • • How can I prevent prostate cancer? There is no known way to prevent prostate cancer, but researchers are trying to find ways. Some of the factors under study include— Vitamins and herbal supplements. Foods high in animal fat. Physical activity (or exercise). • • • Men’s hormone levels. Environmental agents, such as chemicals to kill pests. • • Are there tests that can find prostate cancer early? Cancer screening means looking for cancer before it causes symptoms. Tests that are commonly used to screen for prostate cancer are— Prostate specific antigen (PSA) test: PSA is a substance made by the prostate. The PSA test measures the level of PSA in the blood, which may be higher in men who have prostate cancer. However, other conditions such as an enlarged prostate, prostate infections, and certain medical procedures also may increase PSA levels. Digital rectal exam (DRE): A doctor or nurse checks the the size and shape of the prostate. Should I get screened for prostate cancer? Not all medical experts agree that screening for prostate cancer is right for all men. Prostate cancer screening has potential risks as well as a potential benefit. The potential benefit of prostate cancer screening is finding cancer early, when treatment may be more effective. Potential risks include false positive test results (the test says you have cancer when you do not), treating prostate cancer that may never affect your health, and side effects from prostate cancer treatment. CDC and other federal agencies follow the prostate cancer screening guidelines set forth by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), established by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. The USPSTF finds that there is not enough scientific evidence to decide if prostate cancer screening is beneficial for men younger than 75 years old, and recommends against screening in men over age 75. The USPSTF suggests that men discuss the benefit and risks of screening for prostate cancer with their doctor. CDC supports informed decision making, which means men talk with their doctors to learn the nature and risks of prostate cancer, understand the benefit and risks of the screening tests, and decide whether prostate cancer screening is right for them…..

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